Pascrell and Menendez Sound New Alarms in COVID Drug Politicization
Dual letters to FDA, HHS raise inquiries on COVID vaccine and treatment approvals
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Continuing their crusade against politicization of the COVID-19 drug approval process by the Trump Administration, U.S. Rep. Bill Pascrell, Jr. (D-NJ-09) and U.S. Sen. Bob Menendez (D-NJ) today have written a new letter to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner Stephen Hahn again urging the FDA to be guided by science and not political considerations in helping find a vaccine. In a separate letter, the lawmakers questioned officials at the U.S. Department and Health and Human Services (HHS) on their work on advancing therapeutics and diagnostics for COVID-19.
“In your search for a viable vaccine candidate, we ask that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) commit to regular agency procedure that demonstrate safety, efficacy, and effectiveness,” Pascrell and Menendez write. “The nation’s health and safety remain in FDA’s hands… We request that you publicly commit to advancing only the most viable of vaccine candidates and to running adequate and well-controlled trials to ensure there is public trust in any eventual COVID-19 vaccine.”
In a second letter sent today, Rep. Pascrell and Sen. Menendez wrote to Dr. Robert Kadlec, the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Dr. Gary Disbrow, the Acting Director of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) seeking an update on the development of COVID-19 vaccines and answers to fresh inquiries on agency politicization.
“We recognize and appreciate the need for expediency during the ongoing pandemic to provide a vaccine that will allow Americans to return to some semblance of normalcy. However, such expediency must not abandon the core principles of safety, efficacy, and transparency that should be the cornerstones of our collective national efforts on development of COVID-19 vaccines, treatments, and diagnostics. Any decisions regarding the development of vaccines and therapeutics should be based on sound science only, not political pressure or favoritism,” the members write.
On April 8, Rep. Pascrell and Sen. Bob Menendez wrote to the commissioner of the FDA regarding the FDA’s emergency use authorization of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine as well as the approval for a clinical trial of a stem cell therapy for the treatment of COVID-19. A recent large analysis of hydroxychloroquine in COVID-19 patients in U.S. veterans’ hospitals showed no benefit and even noted that there were more deaths among those given hydroxychloroquine versus standard care.
On April 27, Pascrell and Menendez wrote to the HHS Inspector General calling for an investigation of the FDA to determine if its decision-making process has been compromised by political pressure to promote unproven therapies, specifically calling for an investigation into the removal of Dr. Rick Bright as the Director of BARDA.
Pascrell and Menendez have been the most active members of Congress shining a light on politicization of the COVID-19 vaccine, treatment, and diagnostic approval process by the Trump administration.
July 2, 2020
Dr. Stephen Hahn, MD
United States Food and Drug Administration
10903 New Hampshire Avenue
Silver Spring, MD 20993
Dear Commissioner Hahn,
We write today regarding reports that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has made decisions that have put Americans at risk. We previously wrote to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Department of Health and Human Services Office of the Inspector General about one of these decisions, the FDA’s April 27 Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine, leading to confusion about the drugs’ efficacy in treating COVID-19. On Monday, June 15, 2020, the FDA withdrew their EUA for these two products, but real and irreversible harm was done because of the FDA’s rushed rubber stamp approval. We request the FDA improve transparency and communications on the vaccine-development process, including information on the rationale of the approval of certain candidates over others.
Reports that FDA officials had knowledge of and allowed faulty COVID-19 antibody tests to flood the market have also surfaced.[i] In April, the FDA made the decision to allow antibody tests to enter the U.S. market with no formal review. In May, 50 days later, the FDA finally reversed course and required test developers to show their data and apply for an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA). After nearly three months, the FDA started removing tests from the market, but the damage was done. By that point, municipalities relied upon those faulty tests to determine how and when to send essential workers, like police, EMTs, and firefighters to work.
A concerning pattern is beginning to emerge of non-scientific based decision making at the FDA. We have seen reports that undue political considerations, rather than the FDA’s rigorous scientific process, are playing a role in the ongoing development of a COVID-19 vaccine candidate.[ii] We recognize and appreciate the need for expediency during the ongoing pandemic to provide a vaccine that will allow Americans to return to some semblance of normalcy. However, decisions regarding the development and distribution of a vaccine should be based on sound science only, not political pressure. In your search for a viable vaccine candidate, we ask that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) commit to regular agency procedure that demonstrate safety, efficacy, and effectiveness.
The failure to maintain FDA independence and scientific rigor will ultimately prove to be detrimental in the development of a COVID-19 vaccine. Advancing candidates for any reason other than scientific data and evidence may lead to public harm and further exacerbate growing public distrust of the FDA’s work and integrity. EUAs play an important role in advancing the availability of new tools to cope with the onslaught of the pandemic, and we are fully aware of the immense pressures to deliver a vaccine. However, safety and efficacy cannot be sacrificed in the urgency to present the nation with a rushed vaccine candidate to score political points. EUAs only require that the FDA finds it “reasonable to believe” that a vaccine or drug “may be effective” in preventing a disease to be marketed without being licensed.[iii] The FDA should not grant EUAs to one or multiple vaccine candidates before completion of a rigorous and well-controlled study that determines infection prevention. No vaccine since the 1950s has been approved and licensed without completing large clinical studies of safety and effectiveness. With the understanding that many vaccine developers are merging clinical trials for efficiency, the FDA must remain vigilant and committed to the standards of safety and efficacy.
The nation’s health and safety remain in FDA’s hands. Without a continued commitment to relying on science as the cornerstone of the decision-making process, a lackluster vaccine candidate will keep the American people from returning to any sense of normalcy. The lessons learned from the EUAs granted for hydroxychloroquine and allowing dozens of faulty COVID-19 antibody tests on the market must serve as a warning for the consequences of failing to remain true to the FDA’s mission. We request that you publicly commit to advancing only the most viable of vaccine candidates and to running adequate and well-controlled trials to ensure there is public trust in any eventual COVID-19 vaccine. We also ask that you work with your interagency partners at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to educate the American public concerning the necessity of a future COVID-19 vaccine. We understand and support expediency for a vaccine against COVID-19, but we must support the scientific process over expediency.
Thank you for your consideration of this critical issue. We look forward to hearing from you and working with you going forward on this important issue.
[i] Federal officials allowed distribution of COVID-19 antibody tests after they knew many were flawed. (2020). Retrieved from https://www.cbsnews.com/news/federal-officials-allowed-flawed-covid-19-antibody-tests-2020-06-25/
[ii] Owermohle, S. (2020, June 15,). White house pressure for a vaccine raises risk the U.S. will approve one that doesn’t work. Politico Retrieved from https://www.politico.com/news/2020/06/15/pressure-coronavirus-vaccine-risk-approval-316094
[iii] Emergency use authorization of medical products and related authorities. (2017). Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/regulatory-information/search-fda-guidance-documents/emergency-use-authorization-medical-products-and-related-authorities